The Republic of Croatia

1. National Flag and Coat of Arms

 National Flag of Croatia

- The national flag of croatia was officially introduced on the 22.12.1990.

- The composition of the flag consists of 3 equal horizontal stripes in colors red, white, blue.

- In front of the stripes there is the National Coat of arms of Croatia centered.

- The red - white - blue tricolor is rooted in the Croatian tradition.

- The origin of the tricolor is derived from the colors of the coat of arms of the provinces of Croatia.

 National Coat of Arms of Croatia

- The Croatian national coat of arms consists of a red - white tiled blazon and a 5 - pointed crest crown .

- The signification of the red - silver (white) checkerboard pattern is rooted in the croatian tradition and history.

- The coat of arms crown consists the most significant historical coat of arms of landscapes on the territory of Croatia (starting from the right : Illyrian coat of arms of Old - Croatia , Dubrovnik , Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia) .

2. National Anthem of the Republic of Croatia

National Anthem (croatian)

Lijepa naša Domovino,
Oj junacka zemljo mila,
Stare slave djedovino,
Da bi vazda sretna bila!

Mila kano si nam slavna,
Mila si nam ti jedina,
Mila kuda si nam ravna,
Mila kuda si planina!

Teci Savo, Dravo teci,
Nit ti, Dunav, silu gubi!
Sinje more, svijetu reci,
Da svoj narod Hrvat ljubi!

Dok mu njive sunce grije,
Dok mu hrašce bura vije,
dok mu mrtve grobak krije,
Dok mu živo srce bije!

National Anthem (english)

Our beautiful homeland,
O so fearless and gracious.
Our fathers' ancient glory,
May you be blessed forever.

Dear, you are our only glory,
Dear, you are our only one,
Dear, we love your plains,
Dear, we love your mountains.

Sava, Drava, keep on flowing,
Danube, do not lose your vigour,
Deep blue sea, tell the world,
That a Croat loves his homeland.

Whilst his fields are kissed by sunshine,
Whilst his oaks are whipped by wild winds,
Whilst his dear ones go to heaven,
Whilst his live heart beats.

3. political facts

official language




Population and population density

4.284.889 people, about 79 people per km² (last census 2011)


Multi-party parliamentary republic


parliamentary democracy

head of state

President, Mrs. Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović

head of the government

prime Minister Mr. Andrej Plenković

Ministry of foreign and european affairs

Mr. Davor Ivo Stier

ambassador in germany

H.E. Dr. Gordan Grlić Radman

sovereign territory

56.594 km²

local currency

Kuna (HRK)

national holiday

25.06.: Dan državnosti (day of statehood)

08.10.: Dan neovisnosti (Independence Day)

4. geographic facts


- bounded on the northwest by eastern Alps foothills

- extends into the Pannonian lowlands , to the banks of the Danube in  the east

- In the middle part mountain range Dinara

- south bounded by the coast of the Adriatic Sea


3 climatic zones:

- temperate continental climate in the interior

- mediterranean climate along the adriatic coast

- Mountain climate from an altitude of 1,200 m


- mainland : 56,594 km²

- water area: 31,067 km²

- about 50 inhabited islands (the largest islands : Krk and Cres)

- Coastline: 6278 km , 4398 km islands and reef coastline

highest point

- mountain: Dinara (1,831 meters above sea level)